PURE Study Publications

No. Title of Publication Journal
1 Development of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for use in United Arab Emirates and Kuwait based on local foods  Nutrition Journal 2005; 4:18
2 Nutrient estimation from an FFQ developed for a black Zimbabwean population Nutrition Journal 2005; 4:37
3 Food composition database development for between country comparisons Nutrition Journal 2006; 5:2
4 Development of food frequency questionnaires and a nutrient database for the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) pilot study in South India: methodological issues Asia Pac J Clinical Nutrition. 2008;17(1):178-85
5 Refinement and validation of an FFQ developed to estimate macro- and micronutrient intakes in a south Indian population Public Health Nutrition. 2009 Jan;12(1):12-8
6 The repeatability of self-reported physical activity patterns in rural South India Asia Pac J Clinical Nutrition. 2009;18(1):71-5
7 Environmental and societal influences acting on cardiovascular risk factors and disease at a population level: a review International J Epidemiology. 2009 Dec;38(6)
8 The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: examining the impact of societal influences on chronic non-communicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries Am Heart J. 2009 Jul;158(1):1-7
9 Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): an instrument to measure environmental determinants of cardiovascular health in five countries PLoS One. 2010 Dec 10;5(12)
10 Cigarette pack labelling in 12 countries at different levels of economic development J of Public Health Policy 2011; 1-19
11 Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey Lancet. 2011 Oct 1;378(9798):1231-43
12 A Direct Assessment of “Obesogenic” Built Environments: Challenges and Recommendations J of Environmental and Public Health Volume 2011, Article ID 161574, 8 pages
13 Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): an ecometric assessment of measures of the community environment based on individual perception PLoS One. 2012;7(9)
14 Validation of a Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire for Argentinean Adults PLoS May 2012; Vol 7:5
15 Development, reproducibility and validity of the food frequency questionnaire in the Poland arm of the PURE study J of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2012; 25:225-32
16 Relative validity of an FFQ to estimate daily food and nutrient intakes for Chilean adults Public Health Nutrition 2012; 16:1782-8
17 Development and validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire among rural and urban dwelling adults in Colombia J Nutrition Education and Behaviour. 2012; 44:609-613
18 Prevalence of a Healthy Lifestyle Among Individuals With Cardiovascular Disease in High-, Middle- and Low-Income Countries. The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study JAMA. 2013;309(15):1613-1621
19 Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Rural and Urban Communities in High-, Middle-, and Low-Income Countries JAMA. 2013; 310(9):959-968.
20 Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Baseline characteristics of the household sample and comparative analyses with national data in 17 countries Am Heart J 2013; 166: 636-646
21 Global differences in lung function by region (PURE): an international, community-based prospective study Lancet Respiratory Med 2013; 1: 599–609
22 Reproducibility and validity of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in an urban and rural area of northern India Natl Med J India 2013; 26: 266-72
23 Validation and comparison of three formulae to estimate sodium and potassium excretion from a single morning fasting urine compared to 24-hour measures in 11 countries J of Hypertension 2014; 32: 1005-14
24 The association between ownership of common household devices and obesity and diabetes in high, middle and low income countries CMAJ 2014; 186(4): 258-66
25 Urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: The PURE Sodium study N England J Med 2014; 371:601-11
26 Association of Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion with Mortality and Cardiovascular Events in 101,945 Individuals (PURE Study) N England J Med 2014; 371:612-23
27 Risk factors, cardiovascular diseases and mortality in 17 low, middle and high income countries: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) Study in 155,875 people N England J Med 2014; 371:818-27
28 Incidental MRI DWI-Positive Lesions are Rare in Neurologically Asymptomatic Community-Dwelling Adults Stroke 2014; 45:2115-7
29 Patient and Healthcare Provider Barriers to Hypertension Awareness, Treatment and Follow Up: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Qualitative and Quantitative Studies PLoS One. 2014 Jan 15;9(1)
30 A novel method to evaluate the community built environment using photographs–Environmental Profile of a Community Health (EPOCH) photo neighbourhood evaluation tool PLoS One. 2014 Nov 4;9(11)
31 Early Cerebral Small Vessel Disease and Brain Volume, Cognition, and Gait Ann Neurology. 2015 Feb;77(2):251-61
32 Nutrition labelling, marketing techniques, nutrition claims and health claims on chip and biscuit packages from sixteen countries Public Health Nutrition. 2015 Mar 30:1-10
33 Psychosocial factors and obesity in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries: the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study International Journal of Obesity (2015); 1–7
34 Prognostic value of grip strength: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study Lancet. 2015 Jul 18; 386(9990):266-73
35 Socioeconomic factors and use of secondary preventive therapies for cardiovascular diseases in South Asia: the PURE Study European J Preventive Cardiology. 2015 Oct;22(10):1261-71
36 Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease, cancer, injury, admission to hospital, and mortality: a prospective cohort study Lancet. 2015 Nov 14; 386(10007):1945-54
37 The environmental profile of a community's health: a cross-sectional study on tobacco marketing in 16 countries Bull World Health Organ. 2015 Dec 1;93(12):851-861G
38 Association of Urinary Sodium Excretion With Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Clinical Events in 17,033 Latin Americans Am J Hypertension. 2015 Dec 18. pii: hpv195
39 Availability and affordability of cardiovascular disease medicines and their effect on use in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of the PURE study data Lancet. 2016 Jan 2;387(10013):61-9
40 Assessment of Dietary Sodium and Potassium in Canadians Using 24-Hour Urinary Collection Can J Cardiology. 2016 Mar;32(3):319-26
41 Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in 115 rural and urban communities involving 47000 people from China Journal of Hypertension 2016; 34:39–46
42 Assessing global risk factors for non-fatal injuries from road traffic accidents and falls in adults aged 35-70 years in 17 countries: a cross-sectional analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study Injury Prev. 2016 Apr;22(2):92-98
43 Reference Ranges of Handgrip Strength from 125,462 Healthy Adults in 21 Countries: A Population Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study  J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2016 Apr 12 : 10.1002/jcsm.12112.
44 Variations in Diabetes Prevalence in Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: Results from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology Study Diabetes Care. 2016 Mar 10. pii: dc152338. [Epub ahead of print]
45 Associations of urinary sodium excretion with cardiovascular events in individuals with and without hypertension: a pooled analysis of data from four studies. Lancet. 2016 May 20. pii: S0140-6736(16)30467-6. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30467-6. [Epub ahead of print]
46 Availability, affordability, and consumption of fruits and vegetables in 18 countries across income levels: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Lancet Glob Health. 2016 Oct;4(10):e695-703. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30186-3.
47 Social disparities explain differences in hypertension prevalence, detection and control in Colombia. J Hypertens. 2016 Dec;34(12):2344-2352.
48 Secondary CV Prevention in South America in a Community Setting: The PURE Study. Glob Heart. 2016 Oct 20. pii: S2211-8160(16)30700-1. doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2016.06.001. [Epub ahead of print]
49 Wealth and cardiovascular health: a cross-sectional study of wealth-related inequalities in the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in high-, middle- and low-income countries. Int J Equity Health. 2016 Dec 8;15(1):199.
50 Effects of bidi smoking on all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory outcomes in men from south Asia: an observational community-based substudy of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (PURE). Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Feb;5(2):e168-e176. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30004-9.
51 Association of Household Wealth Index, Educational Status, and Social Capital with Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control in South Asia. Am J Hypertens. 2017 Jan 17. pii: hpw169. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpw169. [Epub ahead of print]
52 Population Muscle Strength Predicts Olympic Medal Tallies: Evidence from 20 Countries in the PURE Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 20;12(1):e0169821. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169821.
53 Challenges to conducting epidemiology research in chronic conflict areas: examples from PURE- Palestine. Confl Health. 2017 Feb 22;10:33. doi: 10.1186/s13031-016-0101-x. eCollection 2016.
54 Tobacco control environment: cross-sectional survey of policy implementation, social unacceptability, knowledge of tobacco health harms and relationship to quit ratio in 17 low-income, middle-income and high-income countries. BMJ Open. 2017 Mar 31;7(3):e013817. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013817.
55 Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in four Middle East countries. J Hypertens. 2017 May 8. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001326. [Epub ahead of print]
56 Association of dietary nutrients with blood lipids and blood pressure in 18 countries: a cross-sectional analysis from the PURE study Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology 2017; Published Online August 29, 2017
57 Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study The Lancet 2017; Published Online August 29, 2017
58 Fruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study The Lancet 2017; Published Online August 29, 2017
59 Availability and affordability of blood pressure-lowering medicines and the effect on blood pressure control in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of the PURE study data Lancet Public Health 2017; 2: e411–19
60 The effect of physical activity on mortality and cardiovascular disease in 130 000 people from 17 high-income,middle-income, and low-income countries: the PURE study The Lancet 2017; Published Online September 21, 2017
61 Prognostic validation of a non-laboratory and a laboratory based cardiovascular disease risk score in multiple regions of the world. Heart. 2018 Apr;104(7):581-587. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2017-311609. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
62 Does greater individual social capital improve the management of hypertension? Cross-national analysis of 61 229 individuals in 21 countries. BMJ Glob Health. 2017 Dec 17;2(4):e000443. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000443. eCollection 2017.
63 Inequalities in the use of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease by socioeconomic status: evidence from the PURE observational study. Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Mar;6(3):e292-e301. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30031-7.
64 Urinary sodium excretion, blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and mortality: a community-level prospective epidemiological cohort study. Lancet. 2018 Aug 11;392(10146):496-506. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31376-X. Epub 2018 Aug 9.
65 Availability and affordability of essential medicines for diabetes across high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: a prospective epidemiological study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018 Aug 28. pii: S2213-8587(18)30233-X. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30233-X. [Epub ahead of print]
66 Association of dairy intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 21 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study. The Lancet. 2018 Sept 11. PMID: 30217460 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31812-9